Theme of Romanticism in the Frankenstein

Theme of Romanticism in the Frankenstein

Theme of Romanticism in the Frankenstein

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Romanticism was introduced to oppose the enlightenment views that upheld science, reason and knowledge. Besides, it focuses on the love feelings and imaginations. Mary Shelly demonstrates the theme of romanticism in the Frankenstein through the main character, Victor Frankenstein. Furthermore, the romantic elements strive against the boundary and the movement from the failed reality. Dark scenes are evident in the text to generate suspense and the premonition of the events to come. Frankenstein breathes life in a monster and narrates how dreadful his night was (Shell 34). The scene gives the readers a clue that things may not go well. Besides, the dark scenes also exposes Frankenstein’s failed plan; he is drenched from the pouring rain emanating from the dark and comfortless sky.   The sky is beyond his control and the whole scenes indicated shows how he miscalculated his moves and actions. Frankenstein suffers in his strive against boundaries to pursue his dreams by creating a new species and eventually gets himself in a failed reality.

The Creator

Victor Frankenstein is presented as both romantic and horrific. The horror aspect comes evident through the fact that he utilizes monsters and has to steal parts of the bodies to accomplish the role. On the other hand, he ends up being consumed by his emotions which seems to be unbearable and uncontrollable. He looked for better and brighter future and so worked to create it; however, death and life emerge as the major bounds that he ought to have broken first (Shelly 32).

Frankenstein strived against realities and desired of becoming god so that he could make a new experience. However, the main question that emerges in this case is, ‘’how far can an individual go with the desire of creating a new future?’’ His experiences in life are torn by the monster he created and it becomes apparently that he faulted his future. The novel presents horror and death in an optimistic setting. Frankenstein attempted to overcome the boundary; however, he eventually falls short.

The Creation

Frankenstein created a creature that later destroyed him. The creature is new in the world and has emotions and desires which human beings cannot meet. Human beings are also terrified by the appearance of the new creature despite it being created by them. As a result, the creature approaches the creator and demand that he creates a female counterpart who could satisfy its crave for love and peace. The relationship between the creator and the created in the text fails to conform to the expectations. Normally, one would expect the creator to control his creation. However, in this case, the creation demands a need from the creator. The strive against boundary becomes more explicit as the characters seek to break any form of limitations in their lives. Frankenstein is addled by the demand from his creation as well as his own ambitions and guilt; he has the obligation to ensure that his creation lives a worthwhile life on earth. Besides, it is clear that the creation tend to conform to the creators attributes because most of the experienced demonstrated by Frankenstein are also evident in the created monster.


Both Frankenstein and his creation exist and desire to live a free life full of happiness. Frankenstein’s desires compels him to create a new world that would give him better experiences; however, he is limited by death and life. He created the monster intentionally with much expectations in it; though, the expectations are thwarted by many factors including the delusions and compulsions. He expected that the new creator would be a blessing to him as its creator and the originator and even states that he would claim more gratitude on his child than any father can do. Frankenstein failed to think of any possible dangers and misfortunes likely to come from his scientific experiment. He eventually got disgusted and horrific about the creation’s action.

Both the creator and the creations comes from their dreams to a failed reality. Frankenstein anticipated a happy and enjoyable life, but reality was different; he suffers guilt and dissatisfactions at the end. Similarly, the creation longed for a happy life full of love and that is why he asked the creator to create him a companion. The reality is that Frankenstein could not create another new species and this meant that the creation’s dreams could not be real. Both of them continue suffering in their longing and boundaries that forbids them from realizing their dreams.

Finally, the Frankenstein story revolves around the romantic elements of striving against boundaries and move from dreams to failed realities. The theme is majorly exemplified through Frankenstein who dreamt of having a happy and satisfactory life but ends up in disappointments. He created a species that he could no longer control as the creator; the creation causes harm to other people in the society leaving its creator with guilt and emotional pain. While the creator can control his behavior, the creation is out of control and nobody can regulate what it does.

Work Cited: Theme of Romanticism in the Frankenstein

Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Courier Corporation, 2013.

Romanticism was introduced to oppose the enlightenment views that upheld science_2Romanticism was introduced to oppose the enlightenment views that upheld science_2

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