The Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

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The Islam religion is founded on the five pillars including the shahada, salah, zakat, sawm and the hajj. The pillar constitute the norms that Muslims are expected to perform on daily basis. Besides, they are accepted by all the Muslims in the whole world regardless of their region or ethnicity. The pillars are the foundation of the faith and thus, all people are obliged to follow them. In addition, Muslims believe in Prophet Muhammed and therefore, anybody who followers his teachings must embrace the five pillars. Religion revolves on the relationship between people and their Gods. Importantly, the gods or deity for the various religious groups vary. However, the most important thing is that each religious group has values and practices that they consider important and helps them in maintaining their relationship with gods.


The pillar refers to the profession of faith and is expressed in the formula, La-ilahaill’l-Lah Muhamman rusal-ul-lah, to mean that there is no God, but God and Muhammad is the prophet of God. The words are normally uttered with sincerity and the make everyone a Muslim (Atif 98). The pillar manifests itself in many ways including the affirmation of the faith in Allah and the prophet and rejecting the conversion to other religious groups including Catholicism. For instance, there are cases where the Muslim confess Allah, Mohammed and it serves as their reminder to the constant commitment to the faith (Atif 98). The Muslims have a strong conviction to their faith. The fasting is among the most constraining Koranic commandments. The fasting is meant to remind the believers of the need to be compassionate to God and serves as a way of sustaining their faith to God. The Muslim fast lasts for twenty-nine days or even thirty days. During the fast, believers are not expected to eat between sunrise and the sunsets.

The Pillar of Hajj

The pillar is also known as the pilgrimage Mecca. The pillar develops the sense of brotherhood in the believers and thus considered very important for the religion (Atif 98). It also serves as a memory to the journey made by the enslaved Muslims in America and Caribbean to the Pilgrim before they were captured.

The Pillar of Salat

The pillar refers to the constraining to promote self-discipline. Ideally, the world is full of things that can easily make one sin. On the other hand, Allah is not pleased in sin; therefore, the Muslim are committed to avoiding sin at all costs. The pillar is practices five times a day and it is preceded by ablutions (Two 179). Furthermore, it may require a mat and prayer beads or veils for women. Muslims are committed to the pillar of Salat and they execute it at any point.

The Pillar of Zakat

The pillare refers to the legal alms and included the annual tax given in accordance to the believers’ revenues or assets. The giving are always directed to the poor and the needy in the society (Two 178). Furthermore, it is intended to instill the sense of collective identity in the believers and making it a duty for them to participate in the community responsibilities. The pillar is mandatory when conditions are favorable.

The pillar of sawm

Fasting is an important religious practice in Islam that shows the sacrificial going without food to express the love for Allah. During the Ramadhan fast, Muslims are expected to go without food during the day (Two 178). The custom is mandatory for all groups except the minors, the pregnant mothers and those who are travelling.


Implications of the Pillars in Muslim

The pillars serves the indications that reminds the Muslims of their commitment to the religious faith. Other than going through the motions of fulfilling the pillars as a religious obligations, they help the Muslims grow in faith and love towards Allah. The pillars covers various aspects including the relationship with Allah and men. In the relationship between Allah and men, Muslim demonstrate their dependent on God through the fasting (Ganiyev 442). Fasting means that they are willing to sacrifice food and commit their time in prayers. In addition spending more time in prayer show that they do not have any other point of hope other than Allah (Hashim 797). It is an indication of submission and commitment to fulfilling the will of God. Importantly, Muslim are expected to be in prayers five times a day (Two 178). They hope to please Allah by offering the prayers regularly. The pillar of salah involves performing the prayers five times a day and it is an indication that they are serving a God who is worthy to be worshiped and remembered. God is gracious and so the Muslim believe that there is no other way of pleasing Him apart from prayers and observing His will and purpose.

The benefits of salah to the Muslim include it helps them establish the personal and spiritual connection with their creator through love and faith. In addition, it has an unending effect on filling their hearts with contentment, closeness to God and the peace. Also, being in the repeated prayers help the Muslims to remain humbled before Allah and prevents them from falling to sin. Importantly, it also creates a time for purification. The religion is based on pleasing the deity. T

Similarly, the fasting is important since it instills humility and commitment to loving Allah among the Muslims. The key benefits derived from fasting include the promotion of the spiritual growth and self-purification. Importantly, the Muslim also realize the physical and health benefits of fasting which have been proven scientifically. Purifying the soul is one of the ways through which the Muslims maintain their connectedness to God. Ideally, it also indicates that they are submissive to fulfilling the will of Allah.

The visit to the pilgrimage reminds the Muslim that they are equal before God. For example, the pillar of hajj is about the pilgrimage visit and this is important in ensuring that there are no social class or status upheld. Similarly, it is a way of fighting any form of discrimination likely to arise between the various people. The believers gather at the Mecca and bow to worship God together (Atif 98). Besides, such creates them the time to suspend the worldly activities and focus on Allah. Human beings have the duty to respect and obey Allah and there can never be fulfilment without achieving such.

The confession of faith is a pillar that emphasizes their commitment to respecting Allah and following his purposes. The first part of the declaration signifies that they have the obligation and call to worship Allah. It also shows that only Allah has all the power to control all things on the world. The second part of the confession reminds them of the prophet who was last in the chain of them that were sent to call people to obey and worship Allah. The other pillars are based on the relationship between men. The unity in the body of Muslims is important (Ganiyev 442). In as much as God is interested in people worshiping him, he also feels good when people live in unity and meet the needs of one another. The sacrifices and taxes given annually are believed to be a gesture of thanksgiving and recognition of Allah as the giver of all things. In addition, by giving, the believers have faith that Allah will be able to multiply what they have.

The physical actions demonstrated through the pillars serve as the indication of faith and love the Muslims have towards Allah. Allah is invisible; however, they believe that they are able to please and connect with him through the physical gestures. Faith is a journey that takes long and so the believers must constantly remind each other to love Allah and avoid falling into temptations. The prayer sessions are important point of indicating that they love Allah and they depend on him. The Muslims are committed to the prayers sessions that they would always stop anything they are doing for the sake of spending time with their creator. In addition, the meeting in the mosques for prayers are also companied by reading of the Quran and reminding themselves on the love of Allah and what is expected of them.


The Muslims believe in Allah and his prophet, Mohammed. Importantly, they have the five pillars that helps in growing their faith and ensuring that their love towards Allah does not fade. They constantly remember the goodness of Allah and show themselves humbled to honor him and serve him with all their hearts and material possessions. Also, the pillars remind them that they are all equal before Allah. The relationship with the deity dictate how people behave on earth. Were it not for the pillars in the religion, then it would be easy for the Muslims to commit sins and wrong other people around them. The pillars are basically categorized into those that direct their loves to Allah and the relationship with other people on earth. Importantly, the Muslims are also recognize the need to feed the needy and poor in the society. Allah has given them the obligation to serve each other’s needs even as they congregate in the mosques. Prayers serves as a reminder that Allah is the giver of all things and so they have to constantly go back to him in prayers and supplications.



Works Cited

Two, Jessica, and Martin Curtice. “The Islamic faith and best interests.” BJPsych bulletin vol. 43,4 (2019): 177-181. doi:10.1192/bjb.2019.4

Ganiyev, Avazbek, and Sherzodjon Umaraliev. “The role of zakat in the early stages of the islamic civilisation.” EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR) 25 (2020): 441-444.

Atif, Mohammad, et al. “Islamic FinTech: The digital transformation bringing sustainability to Islamic finance.” COVID-19 and Islamic Social Finance. Routledge, 2021. 91-103.

Hashim, Hashim Talib, et al. “The Hajj and COVID-19: how the pandemic shaped the world’s largest religious gathering.” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 104.3 (2021): 797.

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