SIM 432 Activity 6 Emergency Response Planning

SIM 432 Activity 6 Emergency Response Planning

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SIM 432 Activity 6 Emergency Response Planning

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SIM 432 Activity 6 Emergency Response Planning

Identification of the key infrastructure in disaster planning and preparedness helps in guiding the priority of the response team to the disaster incident. In this case, there was an earthquake in Sentinel Mountains that destroyed buildings. The potential public effects from the event include disease outbreaks due to the contamination of water sources by the sewerage. The contamination could result in cholera and other infectious disease outbreak that affect the entire community. The second public health concern is the injuries resulting from the collapsing buildings. According to Zhao, et al. (2018), earthquakes are the most destructive and terrifying natural hazards that could lead to incalculable environmental damage and loss of life. People within the affected areas are likely to suffer injuries due to falling objects and landslides. The collapsing buildings in cases of massive earthquakes could result in the loss of many lives. Thirdly, environmental outcomes such as ground cracks and dust clouds are most likely to be experienced in the region. According to King, Quigley & Clark (2018), the rock falls, surface raptures, and vegetation damages from the earthquake event could result in other long-term effects. The erosion reduces the productivity of the land and affects various human activities.

Emergency Management Team

Disaster management and response involve interdisciplinary collaboration. In this case, the first member required in emergency management is the mayor. The responsibility of the mayor is to provide the resources required in the response process. The mayor acts as the authority and liaison officer in the emergency management and recovery process. Having a central point of command results in organization and order which reduces the further risks and harms likely to be suffered.

The second member will involve the communication officer. The role of the communication officer will be to communicate the progress in emergency management and response. Also, he will serve as the link to all other departments involved in the emergency response. The communication officer will also provide updates to the public; the task must be done by a qualified person to avoid panic and unnecessary worries among the people in the city. Furthermore, he will contact the healthcare service providers. As indicated above, earthquake presents greater health risks that can be addressed when proper planning of the healthcare intervention protocols. The healthcare team will be responsible for identifying people that require health intervention, offer first aid services, and refer cases that require further interventions to the hospital.

The third member will be made of the security team or safety manager who will help in securing the scene of the incident and minimizes the movement of the people to the affected area. Their role will help in reducing the number of casualties reported from the incident.

Organizations to Activate: SIM 432 Activity 6 Emergency Response Planning

The organizations to be activated include the healthcare organizations and Red Cross and Federal Emergency Management Agency which will supply the volunteers to help in the recovery process. Private agencies may include private companies that help in supplying resources to fight the disaster.

Private and Public Resources

Both private and public resources will be required in the disaster response and recovery process. Transporting the victims from the area of incidence will require a lot of transporting vehicles. Therefore, seeking both private and public means of transport will be essential in saving the situation. Secondly, both private and public health facilities will be required in the process. The massive harm and destruction caused by the earthquake mean that there could be many emergency cases that must be addressed in time. Therefore, it may not be convenient to rely on public health facilities alone. Finally, the facilities required for the long-run include the geospatial services to help predict the locations, time, and footprints of earthquakes (Chandra, Moen & Sellers, 2016). Earthquakes may occur from time to time and this means that surveillance measures must be developed to help predict the likelihood of such incidences taking place in the future. The geospatial experts will use the geospatial models in the prediction and allow proper preparation and evacuation processes to be done in time.

References

Chandra, A., Moen, S., & Sellers, C. (2016). What Role Does the Private Sector Have in Supporting Disaster Recovery, and What Challenges Does It Face in Doing So?. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.

King, T. R., Quigley, M. C., & Clark, D. (2018). Earthquake environmental effects produced by the Mw 6.1, 20th May 2016 Petermann earthquake, Australia. Tectonophysics747, 357-372.

Zhao, J., Ding, F., Wang, Z., Ren, J., Zhao, J., Wang, Y., … & Li, Q. (2018). Rapid public health needs assessment framework for after major earthquakes using high-resolution satellite imagery. International journal of environmental research and public health15(6), 1111.

 

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