SIM 432 Activity 2

SIM 432 Activity 2

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SIM 432 Activity 2

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SIM 432 Activity 2

Population Characteristics

Sentinel City is made of people of all races. However, the majority of the people observed during the survey were whites with a few black Americans. The whites occupy about 91% of the total population. The other races were the American Indians who were only about 0.3% of the population. In terms of age distribution, most of the people were aged between 25 and 64 years. Besides, the population of people aged above 65 years was considerably high (21.8%). The population of people aged below 24 years was estimated at 22%. Furthermore, there were more females than males in the city; though, the difference was not big. The estimated percentage of women in the town was 50.9% and this means that the remaining 49.1% were men. The wealth distributions varied from one region to another. However, the poor nature of roads in the town were clear signs of poverty. About 12% of the population in the town lives below the poverty levels. Also, the houses were in deplorable conditions. The average family income for males and females was $29,375/year and 19,792/year respectively. The statistics indicate that gender-based wage disparity is common in the town.

There were no street parents with children and this shows that the issue of homeless is not rampant in the city. Furthermore, only a few teens and couples would be observed walking along the streets. There were churches and this means that the people in the town are Christians. Besides, the town is secure because there were no animals including dogs walking on the streets. Furthermore, no people with disabilities were seen in the streets. People appeared to be engaged in their normal daily activities and everything was what a person would expect in a town.

Target Population

The town has a considerably high population of people living below the poverty levels. As a result, poverty is a major social and health concern for the people in town. The health statistics for the town indicate the high risk and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and heart attack among others are the leading cause of death in the town. The observation through the streets in town indicates that there were few fresh food stores. Besides, there were no exercise or physical activity training facilities observed. There were also few people in the streets and this means that people were mainly overtaken by the workplace responsibilities. Alternatively, some of them stay indoors. Some many factors and stores that employ the people. However, addressing the sedentary lifestyle among the poor populations in Sentinel town will be an important priority.

According to Rosengren, et al. (2019), socio-economic status is a major cause of differences in the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. People from low and middle-income families are highly vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases. The burden of cardiovascular diseases among the developing nations and the associated mortality presents a serious health concern. The reason for the high risks of cardiovascular diseases and mortality among the poor populations is attributed to the lack of awareness on preventive measures. Furthermore, the poor families are financially constraint and so are most unlikely to go for the regular screenings and body checks because they commit all their money to provide the basic needs. Cardiovascular diseases among the populations may be diagnosed at a late stage and this explains the poor prognosis for the population.

The poor populations rarely find time to engage in physical exercise. Alternatively, they may opt to consume high caloric meals which expose them to obesity and cardiovascular diseases. The study conducted by Psaltopoulou, et al. (2017) revealed that dietary mediation and physical inactivity contribute significantly to the high risk of cardiovascular diseases among the low-income populations. Furthermore, the town has many bars and this means that a good portion of the people consume alcohol. Alcohol consumption is also linked to a high risk of cardiovascular disease. There is a need to develop interventions that will help create awareness on the need to consume a proper diet, avoid alcohol consumption and engage in physical activities regularly to promote the quality of life and health for the people living in poverty in Sentinel town.

Cardiovascular diseases contribute significantly to the rising incidences of chronic illnesses and mortalities globally. According to Roth et al. (2020), cardiovascular diseases such as ischemic heart attack and stroke are the leading cause of mortality and disabilities. The burden associated with the disease is enormous. Other than the direct impact of the affected victim, cardiovascular diseases have significant impacts on the families and caregivers (Zhai, et al., 2017).

The Smart Goals

Smart Goal 1:  To create awareness on the importance of the regular physical activity to at least 60% of the adult populations in Sentinel Town within the next one year. Educating adults on the importance of regular exercise will reduce their risk of acquiring cardiovascular diseases. Also, they will transfer the values acquired from the education to their children and so minimize the incidences of childhood obesity. The objective is consistent with the healthy people 2020 goal of creating a physical and social environment that support healthy living.

Smart Goal 2: Introduce nutritional education to the population and encourage them to consume a balanced diet on daily basis in the next six months. Various factors influence the eating habit among people. However, lack of education on what constitutes a balanced diet is a major bottleneck that could expose the identified populations to cardiovascular diseases. The objective support the healthy people 2020 goals of promoting healthy living and eliminating preventable diseases.

Smart Goal 3: To promote the consumption of fresh food products instead of relying on fast food to at least half of the populations in Sentinel Town within two years. Fast food is easy to acquire; however, most of them contain high calories that could contribute to obesity development. Furthermore, the fact that people are pre-occupied with the work responsibilities means that they will spare little time to prepare their meals. The objective of this goal is to promote healthy eating habits and healthy living s defined in the healthy people 2020 goals (Berge, Fertig, Tate, Trofholz & Neumark-Sztainer, 2018).

Smart Goal 4: To ensure that at least 70% of the population are aware of the health screening practices and their importance within one year. The goal supports the healthy people 2020 objective of improving health for all. Lack of education on the importance of health screening for different age groups among low-income families contributes to the health disparity. Therefore, achieving the goal will play a significant role in promoting equality.

Conclusion

The identified populations of interest in Sentinel Town are people living in poverty. The population group is vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases due to sedentary lifestyle and poor dietary intake. Offering education that promotes healthy living will help reduce the health risks and diseases burdens among the population.

 

 

References

Berge, J. M., Fertig, A., Tate, A., Trofholz, A., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2018). Who is meeting the Healthy People 2020 objectives?: Comparisons between racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant children and adults. Families, Systems, & Health36(4), 451.

Psaltopoulou, T., Hatzis, G., Papageorgiou, N., Androulakis, E., Briasoulis, A., & Tousoulis, D. (2017). Socioeconomic status and risk factors for cardiovascular disease: impact of dietary mediators. Hellenic journal of cardiology58(1), 32-42.

Rosengren, A., Smyth, A., Rangarajan, S., Ramasundarahettige, C., Bangdiwala, S. I., AlHabib, K. F., … & Yusuf, S. (2019). Socioeconomic status and risk of cardiovascular disease in 20 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) study. The Lancet Global Health7(6), e748-e760.

Roth, G. A., Mensah, G. A., Johnson, C. O., Addolorato, G., Ammirati, E., Baddour, L. M., … & GBD-NHLBI-JACC Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases Writing Group. (2020). Global burden of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors, 1990–2019: update from the GBD 2019 study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology76(25), 2982-3021.

Zhai, Z., Zhou, X., Zhang, S., Xie, W., Wan, J., Kuang, T., … & Wang, C. (2017). The impact and financial burden of pulmonary arterial hypertension on patients and caregivers: results from a national survey. Medicine96(39).

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