Sexism in women in science – Essay

 Sexism in women in science – Essay

 Sexism in women in science – Essay
Subject: Other
Topic: Sexism in women in science

Paper details:

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Write a two-page paper (five-paragraph) essay discussing two of the following readings: Margaret Edson, Wit David Noble “Women in a World Without Women,” from A World Without Women Deborah Warner, “Science Education for Women in Antebellum America,” History of Women in Sciences Margaret Rossiter, Women Scientists in America, chapter 4: “A Manly Profession,” 73-99
Sidney Perkowitz, “If Only 19th-C. America Had Listened to a Woman Scientist” (Eunice Foote), Nautilus Sena Jeter Naslund, excerpt on Maria Mitchell from Ahab’s Wife Nina Baym, American Women of Letters and the Nineteenth-Century Sciences, chapter 7: “Testing Scientific Limits: Emma Willard and Maria Mitchell” Regina Markell Morantz-Sanchez, “The Female Student Has Arrived: The Rise of the Women’s Medical Movement,” 59-69. Darlene Clark Hine, “Co-Laborers in the Work of the Lord: Nineteenth-Century Black Women Physicians,” 107-20. Sue Wells, excerpt from Out of the Dead House Regina Markell Morantz-Sanchez, Sympathy and Science: Women Physicians in American Medicine, 90-143 
Your paper should cite at least two readings from the above list within an argument based on the evidence from the texts. Build an argument within the paper considering aspects of barriers and facilitators women have faced in Western Europe and the U.S. in the early modern and modern periods and coming to a conclusion about today’s situation for women in science. 
Focus on a particular question of your own construction that deals with the “how,” “why,” and “in what way” women’s participation in science was supported or challenged by individuals.

Consider sociocultural and religious values associated with women’s roles in society that supporters and challengers used in defense of their arguments. Be careful to identify the authors, texts, historical periods, scientific fields, individuals, and
other aspects of the cases that you develop. 
Examples of questions you might choose to write about include: • In what ways did women’s educational opportunities enable or constrain their participation in science? • What groups/individuals favored women’s science education and why did they favor it? • What groups/individuals opposed women’s science education/participation and why were they opposed? • How did women overcome resistance to persist and to promote their interests in science? What strategies did they employ? Were they effective? Why or why not? • In what ways do the historical accounts by Morantz-Sanchez, Hines, and Wells acknowledge, reinforce, or resist dominant ideas about the roles of men and women? of ideologies assuming gender differences and hierarchies? of the roles theory and technology play in medical care? • What can the contemporary reader learn from the nineteenth-century cultural values and issues represented in these works? Selecting and refining a question that you can respond to will help you develop a thesis statement.

Your short analysis should 1 Briefly summarize significant points from the arguments illustrated in the readings you select 2 Hypothesize the cultural ideas concerning masculinity or femininity that are encoded in the social values affecting women’s participation and/or performance in science 3 Provide evidence from the readings for your hypothesis The best analyses will reflect argumentative points or allude to evidence contained within the readings; indicate citations by incorporating parenthetical references, for example: (Baym, 246) into your assignment. Remember that the quality of citation counts more than sheer quantity of references.

Reading and applying the ideas in the Thesis Statement handout in Modules will help you develop an argument.   If you have questions or would like to discuss developing the assignment, please bring these matters up in class or on the listserv. You may also make an appointment to see me in my office; please email or speak to me outside of class concerning appointments. 
Presentation: The essay should be typed using double spacing. Number each page. Use one-inch justified margins on the top, bottom, and left side and a ragged one-inch right margin. Staple pages in the upper left corner; please do not use any covers. Put the following on the top of the first page or the title page: the title of the essay, your names, the title of the course, my name, the semester in which you are taking the course, and the due date of the assignment. Put all references to class texts parenthetically within the text of the paper (see above); if you consult other materials, please indicate those with a short parenthetical referenbglce and a works cited page.

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