Sentinel Town Health Simulation

Sentinel Town Health Simulation

Basic Windshield Survey – Rural

Enter Sentinel Town Health Simulation ® via the link to begin your virtual experience by taking a tour by car of Sentinel Town®.  Since this is your first tour, select the slowest speed and stay in the car the entire time at least once before getting out of the car.

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As you take the tour, write down your observations, specifically those that align with the following demographics and/or subsystems listed in the left-hand column of the rubric.

  • Describe the characteristics of the people you see in Sentinel Town®.
    • What are the race/ethnicity distribution, age ranges, and gender mix?
    • Are there signs of poverty or wealth? What are they?
  • Who do you see on the streets?
    • Parent with child, teens, couples, disabled persons?
    • Are there homeless persons, beggars, etc.?
    • Is there anyone in the city you would not expect to see?
  • Are there dogs on or off leash? Are there other animals?
  • Are there churches and other formal religious buildings?
    • What are their denominations?

Compile your observations addressing each item listed in the first column of the rubric.  You are encouraged to add other relevant observations that may not be listed in the first column.

Select a target population of interest and discuss relevant demographic data and health status indicators for this population group.  Identify major health concerns for this target population.  Include a discussion of major health concerns in relation to a global health issue.

Reading and Resources for Sentinel Town Health Simulation

Additional Instructions:

  • All submissions should have a title page and reference page.
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Population Focused Interventions in a Rural Community

Name

Course

Institution

Instructor

Date

Sentinel Town Health Simulation

Population Focused Interventions in a Rural Community

Sentinel Town is made of various population groups experiencing different health needs. However, the geriatric populations are of more concern considering their increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and falls among other conditions. The study explores the health needs of the elderly populations in Sentinel Town.

Population Group: Sentinel Town Health Simulation 

Sentinel Town Health Simulation has a considerably large population of elderly people. Elderly patients have a low immune system and are vulnerable to chronic illnesses due to the failing organ systems. Besides, the burden of cardiovascular diseases and the associated complications are high among the population group. The proportion of the elderly population in the town is estimated at 10.5%. Also, there were considerably a large number of elders walking with sticks and other aids and this raises concern over the fall risks among the populations. Also, most of the elders were seen walking lonely in the town.

Three health issues impacting the population group living in the rural community

The first health issue affecting the elderly populations in the city is falling. The incidences of falls among the elderly population are on the rise. Also, fall is categorized as the leading cause of disabilities among the elderly populations. Other than the disabilities, the elderly who suffer fall is likely to be presented in the emergency rooms or may even succumb to the injuries. Furthermore, fall incidence is linked with mental illnesses among elderly patients especially when they acquire head fractures and injuries. The high cases of falls among the elderly populations present a significant health burden in terms of cost and the quality of care patients receive. Various factors are likely to contribute to falling cases among the elderly population. Some of the medications taken by the elderly to manage chronic illnesses could have osteoporosis effects and thus increase the fragility of their bones. Secondly, changes in muscle strength and endurance abilities could also predispose elderly people to falls. Furthermore, mental illnesses such as degenerative brain disorders could expose the population to falls. Therefore, falls, as a health issue, should be analyzed widely so that appropriate intervention measures are developed to improve the quality of life and health outcomes for the population.

Secondly, cardiovascular diseases are also high among the elderly population. Cardiovascular risk increases with a sedentary lifestyle. The elders are less active and this makes them vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases. The demographic data indicated that cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality among the populations. The assessment report indicated few physical exercise facilities or even awareness centers and this means that the majority of the elderly people live a sedentary lifestyle. The increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and the associated risks makes it an important health issue to explore. Furthermore, the fact that most of the elders in the town lived alone indicates their increased risks for falls because they have to move from one place to another to get what they want for their daily needs.

The third health issue affecting the geriatric population in Sentinel Town is malnutrition. Poor eating habits among elderly people means that they cannot get the required nutrients for normal physiological functioning. Proper nutritional intake is required for proper body functioning and providing relevant nutritional elements needed for bone density. According to, …malnutrition among elderly patients has devastating impacts on mortality and morbidity. The cumulative survival rate for elderly patients with malnutrition is estimated at 33.7% after three years. Various factors could contribute to the high malnutrition incidences. First, lack of enough financial support limits the ability of the elderly populations to acquire the necessary foodstuff. In some cases, the elders, especially those living alone, may be forced to go without food because of financial constraints. Alternatively, the lack of fresh food stores in Sentinel Town could also contribute to the rampancy of the health issue.

Determinants of health: Sentinel Town Health Simulation

The main determinant of health for the population in poverty. The proportion of the people living in poverty is high and this could limit their access to healthcare services. Besides, poverty is associated with high incidences of malnutrition. Furthermore, lack of recreational facilities and sporting facilities could also be a significant contributor to the high burdens of cardiovascular diseases. The sporting activities help in making people active and allows them to refresh their minds and so promoting better health outcomes. There were no sporting facilities observed during the tour at Sentinel Town and this is a major health determinant for the people in the town. The social factors influencing the health of the people in the town include church and social gatherings. Churches nourish people spiritually and promote healthy living.

Issues common to what populations in Urban might encounter

The health issues encountered in the rural regions are consistent with what would be expected in the city. On the other hand, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases is likely to be more prevalent in the city because of a sedentary lifestyle and high consumption of fast food. The number of fast-food restaurants in the rural regions is lower compared to the urban environment and this means that the people in urban are at high risk of becoming obese and developing cardiovascular diseases. Secondly, the lack of recreational and exercise facilities is similar in both the urban and rural regions. Therefore, the level of exposure to a sedentary lifestyle is similar.

On the other hand, patients in rural regions are more likely to suffer from loneliness as compared to those in towns. There are various elderly centers in the urban regions and this means that the level of elderly support is significantly higher. Therefore, the fall incidences are likely to be lower in the urban regions as compared to the rural areas.

Evidence-base health promotion

The identified health issues can be addressed by providing relevant educations among the populations to improve their level of engagement in physical exercise and dietary intake. According to Eglseer, et al. (2019), offering relevant nutritional education among the elderly populations promotes their self-care abilities and reduces dependency on support from other people. Proper intake of daily calories and diet will prevent the elderly populations from developing malnutrition or even cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, consuming the right meals will help in strengthening their bones and thus reducing the risk of falls. Furthermore, the study by Bartl & Bartl (2016) indicated a positive outcome in promoting regular physical exercise engagement among the patients through education. Regular exercise will improve the balance and endurance levels among the elderly population.

Role of location in the Intervention

Location influences the effectiveness of the education programs for the prevention of falls, malnutrition, and cardiovascular diseases among the elderly populations. Healthcare facilities are more evident in the city and this means that there are adequate resources for supporting the education programs as compared to the rural areas. Furthermore, the lack of exercising facilities and fresh food stores in the rural areas could hamper the effectiveness of the health intervention.

Rationale and Conclusion on the Sentinel Town Health Simulation

Education is essential in changing the population’s health beliefs and so reducing the incidences of risk behavioral patterns. Furthermore, the proposed intervention is less costly and more effective in addressing health issues. The burden of cardiovascular diseases among the elderly population is worrying; therefore, making them understand the risks associated with their lifestyle patterns could help reduce the burden of the health issues.

Sentinel Town Health Simulation

References

Bartl, R., & Bartl, C. (2016). Falls and fall prevention. Bone Disorders, 261-261. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29182-6_38

Eglseer, D., Visser, M., Volkert, D., & Lohrmann, C. (2019). Nutrition education on malnutrition in older adults in European medical schools: Need for improvement? European Geriatric Medicine10(2), 313-318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41999-018-0154-z

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I579DMxTdxo

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