Pathophysiology of an STI Discussion Post

Pathophysiology of an STI Discussion Post

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Sexually Transmitted Infection: Pathophysiology of an STI Discussion Post

Syphilis is among the common sexually transmitted infections. The condition is caused by a bacteria known as Treponema pallidum. The infection occurs during the sexual intercourse when one gets into direct contact with sores. Also, the disease can be transmitted from the infected mother to the child. Pregnant women should be screened and be treated for the disease to prevent the transmission to the child during birth. Furthermore, the disease can be transmitted through the sharing of contaminated needles and blood transfusion. People with compromised immune system are more vulnerable to the infection.

The disease is divided into various stages including the latent primary, secondary and tertiary stages. The manifestations vary depending on the stage. Patients with the primary syphilis have a sore on the original sites of infection, commonly the genitalia. The sores tend to be round, firm and painless. The secondary syphilis is characterized by rashes and swelling in the lymph nodes. The rashes may appear rough and red in color. Patients with latent infections do not have any sign or symptoms. Lastly, the tertiary syphilis is a severe condition that affects other organs in the body including the heart and brain. The signs and symptoms of tertiary syphilis infection include severe headache, numbness, difficulties in breathing and dementia among others.

The clinical management depends on the severity of the condition. Antibiotics are administered to treat the condition. The penicillin are the preferred treatment option for the disease. Besides, the patients are advised to be faith to one sexual partners. Both partners should be treated to avoid reinfections. The other options may depend on the signs and symptoms the patient has. Cases of severe infections affecting the brain and heart may require intensive care.

Pathophysiology of an STI Discussion Post

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