Employees’ Safety – essay writer

 Employees’ Safety – essay writer

Employees’ Safety – essay writer

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Table of Contents

Executive Summary. 3

Introduction. 4

Statement of the Problems. 4

Particulate Matter (PM) 4

Safety Training Effectiveness. 5

Sound-Level Exposure. 5

New Employee Training. 5

Lead Exposure. 5

Return on Investment 6

Literature Review.. 6

Research Objectives. 6

Research Questions and Hypotheses. 7

Research Methodology, Design, and Methods. 8

Research Methodology. 8

Research Design. 8

Research Methods. 8

Data Collection Methods. 8

Sampling Design. 9

Data Analysis Procedures. 9

Data Analysis: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing. 9

Data Analysis: Hypothesis Testing. 9

Findings. 10

Recommendations. 11

References. 12

 

Executive Summary

The current research focuses on developing measures to improve the employees’ health and safety at the Sun Coast organization. The introduction involves the problem definition and literature review on the issue at hand. The study was based on six hypothesis focuses on six areas of organizations operation. Therefore, the results and data analysis will be based on the hypotheses. Finally, recommendations were made based on the hypothesis testing outcomes in the data analysis. The results in the experiment identified noise, lead and other particle as major health risk factors. Besides, the organization should uphold education to the new employees as a way of promoting health and safety.

 

 

Introduction

Senior leadership at Sun Coast has identified several areas for concern that they believe could be solved using business research methods. The previous director was tasked with conducting research to help provide information to make decisions about these issues. Although data were collected, the project was never completed. Senior leadership is interested in seeing the project through to fruition. The following is the completion of that project and includes the statement of the problems, literature review, research objectives, research questions and hypotheses, research methodology, design, and methods, data analysis, findings, and recommendations.

Statement of the Problems

Six business problems were identified:

Particulate Matter (PM)

There is a concern that job-site particle pollution is adversely impacting employee health. Although respirators are required in certain environments, PM varies in size depending on the project and job site. PM that is between 10 and 2.5 microns can float in the air for minutes to hours (e.g., asbestos, mold spores, pollen, cement dust, fly ash), while PM that is less than 2.5 microns can float in the air for hours to weeks (e.g. bacteria, viruses, oil smoke, smog, soot). Due to the smaller size of PM that is less than 2.5 microns, it is potentially more harmful than PM that is between 10 and 2.5 since the conditions are more suitable for inhalation. PM that is less than 2.5 is also able to be inhaled into the deeper regions of the lungs, potentially causing more deleterious health effects. It would be helpful to understand if there is a relationship between PM size and employee health. PM air quality data have been collected from 103 job sites, which is recorded in microns. Data are also available for average annual sick days per employee per job-site.

Safety Training Effectiveness

Health and safety training is conducted for each new contract that is awarded to Sun Coast. Data for training expenditures and lost-time hours were collected from 223 contracts. It would be valuable to know if training has been successful in reducing lost-time hours and, if so, how to predict lost-time hours from training expenditures.

Sound-Level Exposure

Sun Coast’s contracts generally involve work in noisy environments due to a variety of heavy equipment being used for both remediation and the clients’ ongoing operations on the job sites. Standard ear-plugs are adequate to protect employee hearing if the decibel levels are less than 120 decibels (dB). For environments with noise levels exceeding 120 dB, more advanced and expensive hearing protection is required, such as earmuffs. Historical data have been collected from 1,503 contracts for several variables that are believed to contribute to excessive dB levels. It would be important if these data could be used to predict the dB levels of work environments before placing employees on-site for future contracts. This would help the safety department plan for procurement of appropriate ear protection for employees.

New Employee Training:  Employees’ Safety – essay writer

All new Sun Coast employees participate in general health and safety training. The training program was revamped and implemented six months ago. Upon completion of the training programs, the employees are tested on their knowledge. Test data are available for two groups: Group A employees who participated in the prior training program and Group B employees who participated in the revised training program. It is necessary to know if the revised training program is more effective than the prior training program.

Lead Exposure

Employees working on job sites to remediate lead must be monitored. Lead levels in blood are measured as micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood (μg/dL). A baseline blood test is taken pre-exposure and postexposure at the conclusion of the remediation. Data are available for 49 employees who recently concluded a 2-year lead remediation project. It is necessary to determine if blood lead levels have increased.

Return on Investment

Sun Coast offers four lines of service to their customers, including air monitoring, soil remediation, water reclamation, and health and safety training. Sun Coast would like to know if each line of service offers the same return on investment. Return on investment data are available for air monitoring, soil remediation, water reclamation, and health and safety training projects. If return on investment is not the same for all lines of service, it would be helpful to know where differences exist.

Literature Review

According to Perez, Bottega & Merlo (2017), occupation health is an important for any organizations. Various national laws exists to promote employees’ safety at the work environment; however, there are still gaps that needs to be addressed. Organization should take strategic initiative to promote the wellbeing of their employees and this means not exposing them to any factor that put their life at risk. The current study analyzes the Sun Coast work environment and proposes the measures that can be adopted to improve the employees’ experiences.

Research Objectives:  Employees’ Safety – essay writer

RO1: To determine whether there is a relationship between PM size and the employees’ health.

RO2: To determine the effectiveness of the health and safety trainings on the new staffs on the lost-time hours.

RO3: To determine the factors affecting the quantities of decibel levels

RO4: To determine whether the revised training is effective compared to the prior training program

RO5: To determine whether the employees working in the lead sites results in the increased amounts in blood.

RO6: To determine whether the return on investment vary with the line of services.

Research Questions and Hypotheses

RQ1: Does the exposure to health risks vary with the PM sizes?

H01: The exposure to health risks does not vary significantly with the changes in the PM sizes.

HA1: The exposure to health risks vary significantly with the changes in the PM sizes.

 

RQ2: Does the health and safety trainings increase the lost-time hours?

H02: Health and safety trainings does not increase the lost-time hours.

HA2: Health and safety training increases the lost-time hours

 

RQ3: Does the decibels vary with the changes in the working environment?

H03: The levels of decibels does not vary with the change in the working environment.

HA3: The levels of decibels vary with the working environment

 

RQ4: Does the level of effectiveness vary between the revised and the prior training?

H04: There is no significant difference in the effectiveness between the prior and revised training

HA4: There is a significant difference in the level of effectiveness between the revised and prior training.

 

RQ5: Does working in the lead areas increase the concentration of lead in the blood?

H05: Working in the lead sites does not result in increased lead concentration in blood

HA5: Working in lead sites result in increased lead concentration in the blood

 

RQ6: Does the return on investment vary with the line of service?

H06: The return on investment does not vary with the line of service

HA6: The return on investment vary with the line of service.

Research Methodology, Design, and Methods

Research Methodology

The study involved both primary and secondary approaches. The study aimed at testing various hypotheses as indicated above. A quantitative approach was used with the goal of estimating the impact of the working environment on the health outcomes among the employees.

Research Design

A mixed study design was employed involving both prospective and use of secondary statistics. For the prospective study, the subjects’ exposure to lead were analyzed in terms of the level of the element in their blood vessels. On the other hand, other parameters were analyzed based on the existing historic data.

Research Methods

The study involved quantitative approach that tested six hypothesis. The study was limited to the Sun Coast organization.

Data Collection Methods

Data collection involved the use of the company’s’ record as well as laboratory tests to determine the level of lead in the employees’ blood samples. A comprehensive analysis of the company’s financial and operational efficiency were analyzed.

Sampling Design

Systematic sampling was used in the study with only the population exposed to the risk factor being involved.

Data Analysis Procedures

The data collected were analyzed using the excel toolpak. The analysis involved computation of the descriptive statistics, regression and correlation analysis for the variables.

Data Analysis: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing

This section involved the summary of the results obtained in the experiment. The descriptive summary involves the mean, regression and correlation analysis conducted to determine the association between the various variables in the study.

Correlation: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing

Simple Regression: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing

Multiple Regression: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing

Independent Samples t Test: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing     

Dependent Samples (Paired-Samples) t Test: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing

ANOVA: Descriptive Statistics and Assumption Testing

Data Analysis: Hypothesis Testing

The data collected during the research were analyzed using excel toolpak. The following are the data summary used to test the various hypothesis in the study.

Correlation: Hypothesis Testing

Simple Regression: Hypothesis Testing

Multiple Regression: Hypothesis Testing

Independent Samples t Test: Hypothesis Testing

Dependent Samples (Paired Samples) t Test: Hypothesis Testing

ANOVA: Hypothesis Testing

Findings

The project aimed at developing the effective measures of promoting health living among the employees of Sun Coast. Various problems were identified such as exposure to noise and harmful chemicals such as lead. Therefore, the findings in this case are based on the statistical analysis conducted on the data collected during the study.

RO1: Determine whether there is a relationship between PM size and the employees’ health.

The results indicated a negative correlation between the TM sizes and the employees’ health. The employees exposed to small sized particle matters were more vulnerable to diseases and health problems.

RO2: To determine the effectiveness of the health and safety trainings on the new staffs on the lost-time hours.

The results showed that the health and safety trainings improved the employees’ productivity; however, this is an area that needs to be explored further to obtain reliable findings.

RO3: To determine the factors affecting the quantities of decibel levels

The results showed that regions with noisy operations had higher levels of noise decibels and this required that employees wear appropriate protective clothing. The decibels recorded varied significantly from one place to another in the organization.

RO4: To determine whether the revised training is effective compared to the prior training program

The results indicated significant differences between the prior training and the revised training. The revised training was more affective and thus recommended for the organization. A good training should address the specific needs of the organization.

RO5: To determine whether the employees working in the lead sites results in the increased amounts in blood.

The amount of leads in the blood were directly proportional to the exposure. Employees working in the lead sites recorded elevated levels of lead in their bloodstream. The company should take more caution to protect people working at the lead sites.

RO6: To determine whether the return on investment vary with the line of services.

The results also showed that the return on investment values varied with the line of service; though, the level of variability was insignificant.

Recommendations

Safety and wellness of the employees should be the priority of any organization (Wang, et al., 2016).. The results indicated that employees at the Sun Coast are exposed to various occupational health hazards. Lead and noise were identified as the major risk factors in the organization. Therefore, the first recommendation for the company is to offer the ear plugs to all the employees. Secondly, the level of particles in the organization vary; however, considering that they are likely to be suspended in the air, the employees should be given masks to reduce the rate of inhalation of the harmful particles (Shaffer & Gilbert, 2018). The masks will also reduce the amount of lead entering the blood systems of the employees. Finally, the company should prioritize on the lines of services with the highest return on investment. Lastly, the organization should train all new employees on the appropriate safety measures at the work place (Robinson, Brown, & O’Brien, 2016).

References

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Perez, K. V., Bottega, C. G., & Merlo, Á. R. C. (2017). Analysis of occupation health and mental health policies: a proposal of articulation. Saúde em Debate41, 287-298.

Robinson, L. S., Brown, T., & O’Brien, L. (2016). Embracing an occupational perspective: Occupation-based interventions in hand therapy practice. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal63(4), 293-296.

Shaffer, R. M., & Gilbert, S. G. (2018). Reducing occupational lead exposures: Strengthened standards for a healthy workforce. Neurotoxicology69, 181-186.

Wang, A. H., Leng, P. B., Bian, G. L., Li, X. H., Mao, G. C., & Zhang, M. B. (2016). The application of two occupation health risk assessment models in a wooden furniture manufacturing industry. Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi= Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi= Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases34(10), 756-761.

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